Errors

Moleculer has some built-in Error to raise an error in services.

Base error classes

MoleculerError

The base error class.

Parameters

Name Type Default Description
message String Error message
code Number 500 Error code
type String Error type
data any Any relevant data

Example

const { MoleculerError } = require("moleculer").Errors;

throw new MoleculerError("Something happened", 501, "ERR_SOMETHING", { a: 5, nodeID: "node-666" }));

MoleculerRetryableError

Error for retryable errors. It uses in broker.call. The broker retries requests if they rejected a MoleculerRetryableError.

Parameters

Name Type Default Description
message String Error message
code Number 500 Error code
type String Error type
data any Any relevant data

Example

const { MoleculerRetryableError } = require("moleculer").Errors;

throw new MoleculerRetryableError("Some retryable thing happened", 501, "ERR_SOMETHING", { a: 5, nodeID: "node-666" }));

MoleculerServerError

Error for retryable server errors. Parameters are same as MoleculerRetryableError.

MoleculerClientError

Error for client error which is not retryable. Parameters are same as MoleculerError.

Internal error classes

ServiceNotFoundError

Throw it if you call a not registered service action.
Error code: 404
Retryable: true
Type: SERVICE_NOT_FOUND

ServiceNotAvailableError

Throw it if you call a currently unavailable service action. E.g. node disconnected which contains this service or circuit breaker is opened.
Error code: 404
Retryable: true
Type: SERVICE_NOT_AVAILABLE

RequestTimeoutError

Throw it if your request is timed out.
Error code: 504
Retryable: true
Type: REQUEST_TIMEOUT

RequestSkippedError

Throw it if your nested call is skipped because the execution is timed out due to distributed timeout.
Error code: 514
Retryable: false
Type: REQUEST_SKIPPED

RequestRejectedError

Throw it if the called node is disconnected during requesting.
Error code: 503
Retryable: true
Type: REQUEST_REJECTED

QueueIsFullError

Throw it if there are too many active requests.
Error code: 429
Retryable: true
Type: QUEUE_FULL

ValidationError

Validator throws it if the calling parameters are not valid.
Error code: 422
Retryable: false
Type: VALIDATION_ERROR (default)

MaxCallLevelError

Throw it if your nested calls reached the maxCallLevel value (to avoid infinite calling loops).
Error code: 500
Retryable: false
Type: MAX_CALL_LEVEL

ServiceSchemaError

Throw it if your service schema is not valid.
Error code: 500
Retryable: false
Type: SERVICE_SCHEMA_ERROR

BrokerOptionsError

Throw it if your broker options are not valid.
Error code: 500
Retryable: false
Type: BROKER_OPTIONS_ERROR

GracefulStopTimeoutError

Throw it if shutdown is timed out.
Error code: 500
Retryable: false
Type: GRACEFUL_STOP_TIMEOUT

ProtocolVersionMismatchError

Throw it if an old nodeID connected with older protocol version.
Error code: 500
Retryable: false
Type: PROTOCOL_VERSION_MISMATCH

InvalidPacketDataError

Throw it if transporter receives unknow data.
Error code: 500
Retryable: false
Type: INVALID_PACKET_DATA

Create custom errors

The following example shows how to create a custom Error class which is inherited from MoleculerError.

const { MoleculerError } = require("moleculer").Errors;

class MyBusinessError extends MoleculerError {
constructor(msg, data) {
super(msg || `This is my business error.`, 500, "MY_BUSINESS_ERROR", data);
}
}